Learning Applications

When to apply this structure:

To recognize or use this structure, look for a series of seemingly unrelated events that are suddenly tied together by a plot twist. Often the feeling a Western reader or viewer has when unknowingly encountering Kishōtenketsu is mild confusion or impatience. Someone who knows this structure adopts a more patient and contemplative attitude while waiting for the informing event.

Instructional applications:

The Kishōtenketsu structure can help students consider multiple perspectives around complex concepts and issues. This structure promotes:

  • Discussion around open-ended conclusions
  • Consideration of ethical concepts
  • Critical thinking
Stages

The four basic stages of the Kishōtenketsu story structure are:
1. Introduction (Ki)
Description of characters and/or place. Create the setting of the story.
2. Development (Sho) Description of event(s) that lead to the twist. Major...
Example

An interesting Western example to apply the Kishōtenketsu story structure to is Kate Chopin’s The Story of an Hour (1894). In Chopin’s short story, considered unconventional when published, the reader becomes an intimate witness to Louise’s inner emotional struggle upon learning that she...
Learning Applications

When to apply this structure:
To recognize or use this structure, look for a series of seemingly unrelated events that are suddenly tied together by a plot twist. Often the feeling a Western reader or viewer has when unknowingly encountering Kishōtenketsu is mild confusion or...